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Understanding Diabetes in South Africa: Types, Prevalence, and Management


Understanding Diabetes in South Africa: Types, Prevalence, and Management

Diabetes is a common health condition in South Africa. Let’s break it down in simple terms:

Types of Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2
Type 1 Diabetes:

  • This type usually starts when you’re young.
  • It happens because your body’s defence system attacks the part that makes insulin.
  • People with Type 1 diabetes need insulin shots for life.

Type 2 Diabetes:

  • This one mostly affects adults but can happen to younger folks too.
  • It’s linked to things like eating too much junk food, not moving enough, and being overweight.
  • Often, you can manage it with healthy choices, pills, or insulin if it’s more serious.
  • How Common is Diabetes in South Africa?
  • In South Africa, about 6.5% of adults between 20 and 79 years old have diabetes. That’s quite a few people!

What Causes Diabetes in South Africa?
The rise of diabetes in South Africa is linked to:

  • More people living in cities (urbanisation).
  • Unhealthy lifestyles, like eating too many sugary and fatty foods and not exercising.

How Can You Stay Healthy with Diabetes?

  • Eat balanced meals with lots of whole grains, fruits, and veggies.
  • Get moving with regular exercise.
  • Keep your weight in check.
  • If you’re at risk, get tested for diabetes.
  • Go for regular check-ups with your doctor to keep an eye on your blood sugar levels.
  • You can measure your levels, using our At Home Monitoring Systems. :

In a nutshell, diabetes is a growing issue in South Africa, but simple steps like eating well, staying active, and getting checked can make a big difference.

South African Government – Diabetes Info
South African Medical Journal – Diabetes in Healthcare
Taylor & Francis Online – Diabetes Management
PubMed Central – Self-Management of Diabetes

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